Model Information

Logical Consequences - Rudolf Driekurs

Underlying Assumptions

  • Inappropriate behavior is motivated by a need to gain attention, exercise power, exact revenge, or display inadequacy
  • If the motive for attention is satisfied, inappropriate behavior associated with other motives will not be manifested
  • Inappropriate behavior can be terminated by helping students find legitimate ways to satisfy their needs
  • Children can learn to understand their own motives and consequently eliminate misbehavior by having teachers help them explore why they behave as they do
  • Students behave more appropriately in the classroom when they suffer the logical consequences of their behavior
  • Presenting students with a choice between two alternative behaviors offers a sufficient basis on which they can learn to be responsible


  • Promotes a degree of autonomy for students.
  • It incorporates a preventative approach to discipline.
  • It helps students to understand why they behave as they do.
  • It helps students to learn correct behavior.
  • It promotes mutual respect between teachers and students.
  • It relies on logical consequences instead of arbitrary punishment and systematic reinforcemen
  • It helps teacher focus on causes for behavior before they take action.


  • Teachers have trouble determining the actual motives of their students.
  • Students may not admit their real motives, either because they believe that their motives are unacceptable or because they do not know what they are.
  • Teachers may find it difficult to respond to students in a non-controlling way.
  • Teachers may have a problem dealing with the complexity of engaging in a dialogue with their students.

Corrective Discipline

  • Teachers attempt to ascertain students’ motives.
  • Students are helped to understand their motives.
  • Students are helped to exchange their mistaken goals for useful ones.
  • Students are encouraged to become committed to their new goal orientation.
  • Students are taught to apply logical consequences.
  • Group discussions regarding class rules and problems are held.

Preventative Discipline

  • Ensure that everyone's needs for attention and acceptance are met.
  • Avoid reinforcing or provoking misbehaviour.
  • Develop a trusting relationship between you and your students.
  • Find value in each of your students.
  • Be flexible enough to maintain a positive attitude about every student.
  • Engage students in planning logical consequences.
  • Allow students to work at their own pace, be spontaneous, be enthusiastic, explore personal interests, and accept responsibility for themselves.

Other Important Information

Motives for Behavior1.Gaining attention2. Exercising power3. Exacting revenge4. Displaying inadequecy -A key tenat of logical consequences is that children should be given a choice rather than forced to behave as directed. -According to Dreikurs, students misbehave because their needs are not met. -Discipline problems can be prevented through the use of class discussions and the application of logical consequences.

Personal Reviews

Sarah:I personally think that logical consequences are great in the classroom. I think it is good for students to understand a consequence they are given because of an action they did. The consequence has something to do with the behaviour they displayed and so it makes understanding what they did wrong easier. In my classroom I would make class rules at the beginning of the year with my class and consequences that go along with the rules. I feel that because every individual helped make the rules, they better understand them and hopefully will have an easier time following them.
Jordyn:I like how this model suggests that we should help students understand their motives and exchange those mistaken goals for useful ones because it helps them understand what they are doing that is unproductive and how to improve. I also like how students are taught to apply logical consequences because this is a good tool to have even outside of the classroom.
Danielle:I love the shared responsibilty between the teacher and the students. It becomes almost like a family. Everyone plays their part and contributes to making the rules and making sure everyone follows them. Class meetings are an excellent tool. Students like to feel involved and having a say in how the their classroom runs, will definitely help maintain a positive relationship with the teacher and his/her students.
Brittany:I like the idea of logical consequences because they make the most sense to me and I think that most kids can understand a logical consequence versus a general consequence that doesn't really have anything to do with their misbehavior. I also like the idea of class meetings to figure out what the rules and consequences will be. I think kids will follow the rules better if they had a hand in making them.
Darci:I agree with Rudolf Dreikurs idea of Logical Consequences. Students misbehave because their needs are not met. To avoid having to deal with a variety of misbehaviors, teachers should make sure that their students' need for attention and acceptance is met. Both, the teacher and students, work together to be successful learners in the classroom. Logical consequences are great to help teach kids right from wrong. Dreikur's idea of involving the students while creating the classroom rules is awesome. This is a technique I would used in my classroom.